It is more than remarkable that there is a difference between Fordism and Taylorism, two production systems that were implemented in the U.S. industry in order to achieve the highest productivity in the industries in the shortest time. However, the methods used varied in the two systems; Fordism organized the mass production system and to achieve this it used a combination of organization of specialized work through assembly lines, specialized machinery, high wages and a large workforce. Taylorism, on the other hand, was based on applying scientific methods with a positivist and mechanistic orientation to the study of the relationship between the worker and modern techniques of industrial production in order to maximize the efficiency of labor and timekeeping in operation. Finally, this led to fewer workers being employed in the industries.
What is Fordism?
Fordism arises from the ideas of Henry Ford, which refers to the system he implemented to produce cars or series cars in the United States. Therefore, it is a socioeconomic system based on industrial production. In addition, Fordism meant a revolution in access to a mass market, thanks to the achievement of cost cutting. Thus, it was employed in the automotive industry during the 20th century between the 1940s and 1960s.
Within its characteristics are:
-The improvement of wages for its workers, with incentive bonuses.
-It improves productivity and reduces costs.
-A high hiring of people.
-Accessible goods for large groups.
Finally, Fordism had a lot of acceptance, a very efficient system of organization and its productive process was based on the set of operations carried out in successive and planned ways in order to obtain a good or service.
What is Taylorism?
It is the system of organization of a work and of its times to be executed. For this reason, this system follows principles pointed out by the American engineer and economist FREDERICK TAYLOR. That is why, with this system, an attempt was made to time the time it took to carry out a job and, in order to gratify, the idea was to reward the effort of the worker with remuneration, so that production would be increased.
Thus, it was a method of industrial organization that wanted to avoid the control that the worker could have in the times of production. Therefore, the principles of Taylorism were to apply principles of positivist and mechanistic methods to study the relationship between the worker and industrial production in order to maximize the efficiency of labor and machines by dividing tasks in a systematic way. Taylorist work transformed industries in terms of:
-Increase of workers’ skills through specialization.
-Greater control of plant time.
-Scientific study of movement and productive time.
Difference between Fordism and Taylorism
|Increase in the number of workers.||Reduction of workers.|
|Increased salaries with performance bonuses||Reduced wages.|
|Innovation was achieved through market expansion.||Used scientific management of increase and productive time.|
|Increased the division of labor.||Division of labour in the production process.|
|It deepened the control of the productive times of worker||Greater control of the time in plant.|